未成年人前往美國如果只有其中一個父母隨行或是與親戚前往,出發前建議準備經公證之家長同意書,避免入關時遭到困難(2019更新):

美國海關建議要提供、未成年出國家長同意書範本下載(前往美國)
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一、 美國海關及邊防保護局(CBP):


2019927日,如同往年再度發布,建議未成年人自己前往美國或是只有其有其中一個父母隨行或是與親戚前往,出發前準備經公證之家長同意書(家長同意書),避免入關時遭到困難。

二、 父母同意書之必要性:以下大略就其內容摘錄重點整理如下(全文詳參文章末頁)


(一) CBP強烈建議,除非未成年人是與父母雙方共同出國,否則於下開前情形,建議攜帶經公證之父母同意書


隨行者
同意書
只有父母之一方陪同
另一方之同意書
與親戚前往(例如爺爺、奶奶、叔叔、阿姨)
父母雙方之同意書
小朋友與朋友或團體前往
父母雙方之同意書

(二) 父母同意書格式:CBP沒有要求一定格式,但至少要包含:


1、   兒童的姓名、地址、電話、出生日期和地點。

2、   父母或法定監護人的姓名。

3、   內容:
I acknowledge that my wife/husband/etc. is traveling out of the country with my son/daughter/group. He/She/They has/have my permission.
(中文大略翻譯,我知悉我的太太與我的孩子出國且這件事有得到我的同意)

三、 相關Q&A


(一)     如果沒有父母同意書的話會怎樣:


CBP不一定會要求,但如果有要求,卻無法提供,可能會被留在海關盤查,直到海關確認無疑問(例如確實是父母同意、非誘拐兒童等等),此部分可參考之前有爺爺奶奶帶小孩子出國遭海關盤查一個多小時之報導,詳參

(二)     如果父母離婚怎麼辦:

CBP建議,可以提供法院判決書或相關證明(例如:台灣戶籍謄本會有監護權有誰行使,註:戶籍謄本可申請英文版)

(三)     父母同意書是否需要公證:

CBP建議對此同意書進行公證,以利海關可輕鬆驗證父母授權的有效性。

四、 家長同意書範本下載:

因加拿大父母同意書的內文,基本上有美國海關所要求的內容,可考慮用加拿大這一份填完後請民間公證人公證即可,如果對相關需填寫的內容有疑問,也可以直接詢問或請民間公證人提供範本。


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延伸閱讀:



If a child (under the age of 18) is traveling with only one parent or someone who is not a parent or legal guardian, what paperwork should the adult have to indicate permission or legal authority to have that child in their care?

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) strongly recommends that unless the child is accompanied by both parents, the adult have a note from the child's other parent (or, in the case of a child traveling with grandparents, uncles or aunts, sisters or brothers, friends, or in groups*, a note signed by both parents) stating "I acknowledge that my wife/husband/etc. is traveling out of the country with my son/daughter/group. He/She/They has/have my permission." See our Q&A parental consent.

U.S. citizen children under the age of 19 arriving by land or sea from Canada or Mexico and traveling with a school group, religious group, social or cultural organization or sports team, may present an original or copy of their birth certificate, a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, or a Naturalization Certificate.

The group should have a letter on organizational letterhead with:

The names of the children on the trip and their primary address, phone number, date and place of birth, and name of at least one parent or legal guardian for each child.
The name of the group and supervising adult(s) such as: School groups, teen tours, vacation groups.
A written and signed statement of the supervising adult certifying that he or she has parental or legal guardian consent for each child. CBP also suggest that this note be notarized, to easily verify the validity of the parental authorization.
For frequent border crossers, the letter should not exceed one year. It is recommended to have the letter in English.
While CBP may not ask to see this documentation, if we do ask, and you do not have it, you may be detained until the circumstances of the child traveling without both parents can be fully assessed. If there is no second parent with legal claims to the child (deceased, sole custody, etc.) any other relevant paperwork, such as a court decision, birth certificate naming only one parent, death certificate, etc., would be useful.

Adults traveling with children should also be aware that, while the U.S. does not require this documentation, other countries may have a requirement and failure to produce notarized permission letters and/or birth certificates could result in travelers being refused entry (Canada has very strict requirements in this regard).

Additional information on children traveling alone, can be found on our website at Answer ID 449.


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