未成年人獨立或與父母之一方出國,是否需要經公證之家長同意書?(例如前往加拿大遊學打工時)


未成年人獨立或與父母之一方出國,是否需要家長同意書?
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一、 家長同意書:


顧名思義,即家長同意未成年人為一定之行為之文件,常見於未成年人出國、打工、遊學、結婚、戶籍登記、參加特定賽事等。

二、 特定國家在未成年人獨立或與父母之一方出國,需要家長同意書以供確認(例如美國、加拿大、義大利等)


(一) 以加拿大為例,在未成年(註:加拿大各省不同,部分省是18歲成年、部分省是19歲成年)獨自或隨行者非父母,如未有父母同意書,出入境可能遭拒絕。


(二) 加拿大之法規並區分情形,分列建議或要求攜帶文件如下(註:請特別注意2、45,建議要有父母同意書且經公證,避免入出境遇到困難):


1
/母為共同監護人
建議攜帶合法監護證明文件
2
/母為共同監護人時,倘僅其中一方攜未成年子女旅行

(例如:小孩只與媽媽去加拿大)

建議取得另一監護人同意書(consent letter),其中載有另一監護人之全名、地址、電話。
3
分居或離婚之單親父母攜未成年子女旅行
建議攜帶有效分居/離婚證明。
4
倘與未成年兒童(18歲或19歲以下)旅行者非其父母/監護人

(例如:小孩與爺爺奶奶去加拿大)

強烈建議取得父母/監護人之同意書,其中載有父母/監護人之全名、地址、電話
5
倘未成年兒童自行旅行

(例如小朋友去國外遊學、打工)
務必攜有父母/監護人同意書,其中載有父母/監護人與加國接待友人之全名、地址、電話,以及未成年兒童停留加國之時間。
外交部補充
倘有車輛接送,建議父母/監護人與未成年兒童同車,以避免不必要之誤會
外交部補充
上述同意書/證明倘經公證,當可有效避免遭遇通關延誤之情形

註:上開翻譯援用外交部領事局網站,原文如附註。


三、 家長同意書範本(英文):

_____________________________________________________________


本所聯絡方式

電話:02-2976-6636  手機:0968-618-392  LINE@168c
email:shihnotary@gmail.com
地址:新北市三重區重新路二段3610號(後門:重新路二段14號);台北橋捷運站走路1分鐘;台北市開車5分鐘)

※本所辦理公認證效力及費用與法院公證相同※

※本所歡迎全國各地民眾來本所公證※

(註:如因行動不便等因素需要公證人外出公證,本所可配合至新北市各區域公證,新北市以外區域需要外出公證,再煩請洽詢當地公證人)

本所LINE帳號(LineID:@168c) ,就辦理公證常見問題,設有24小時自動回應功能,如未獲初步解答或要預約公證,亦歡迎留言,本所會在上班時間統一回覆(註:因本所僅辦理公認證業務,就不涉及公認證之其他法律問題,恕無法透過LINE回覆,敬請見諒)
_____________________________________________________________


本所聯絡方式

電話:02-2976-6636  手機:0968-618-392  LINE@168c
email:shihnotary@gmail.com
地址:新北市三重區重新路二段3610號(後門:重新路二段14號);台北橋捷運站走路1分鐘;台北市開車5分鐘)

※本所辦理公認證效力及費用與法院公證相同※

※本所歡迎全國各地民眾來本所公證※

(註:如因行動不便等因素需要公證人外出公證,本所可配合至新北市各區域公證,新北市以外區域需要外出公證,再煩請洽詢當地公證人)

本所LINE帳號(LineID:@168c) ,就辦理公證常見問題,設有24小時自動回應功能,如未獲初步解答或要預約公證,亦歡迎留言,本所會在上班時間統一回覆(註:因本所僅辦理公認證業務,就不涉及公認證之其他法律問題,恕無法透過LINE回覆,敬請見諒)
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台北市的民眾可參考前往下開地點公證:

1、臺灣臺北地方法院所屬民間公證人彭勤懿事務所

電話: (02)2523-0028

地址:台北市中山區南京東路二段100號5樓B室(捷運【松江南京站】1號出口步行1分鐘)

手機:0973-618-568

LINE:@1688k

https://twnotary.m8rex.com/


2、臺灣臺北地方法院公證處  

電話:(02)8919-3866

地址: 新北市新店區中興路一段248號(五峰國中對面)

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延伸閱讀:



相關法條:(引用自拿大邊境服務局

Minor children travelling to Canada
Children under the age of 18 are considered minors in Canada. They must follow the same rules to enter Canada as any other visitor.
Minors who try to enter Canada without the proper documents, or who are with adults other than their parents or legal guardian(s), will be checked more closely.
Border services officers are on alert for children who need protection and check very carefully for missing or runaway children. They may question you about children who come with you to Canada or question a child who travels alone. Make sure you have the proper documents with you.
Minor children entering Canada as a visitor
The documents a minor child needs to enter Canada depend on whether the child is travelling alone or with someone.
If a minor child is travelling alone
The child should present:
his own passport
a parent’s passport, even if the child’s details are included in it, cannot be used
a copy of his birth certificate, and
a letter of authorization, in English or French if possible, and signed by both parents or by their legal guardian which lists:
the parents’ (or legal guardian’s) address and telephone number, and
the name, address and telephone number of the adult who will look after the child in Canada.
If a minor child is travelling with one parent only
The parent should present:
the child’s passport
a copy of the child’s birth certificate, and
a letter of authorization, in English or French if possible, which is signed by the parent who is not travelling with them and lists:
the address and telephone number of the parent who is not travelling, and
a photocopy of that parent’s signed passport or national identity card.
If the parents are separated or divorced, and share custody of the child:
the parent travelling with the child should carry copies of the legal custody documents.
It is also best to have a letter of authorization from the other parent who has custody to take the child on a trip out of the country.
If the parents are separated or divorced and one of them has sole custody of the child:
the letter of authorization may be signed by that parent only and they should bring a copy of the custody decree.
If one of the child’s parents is deceased:
the travelling parent should bring a copy of the death certificate.
If a minor child is travelling with a legal guardian or adoptive parents
The child should have a copy of the guardianship papers or the adoption papers (whichever one applies).
If a minor child is travelling with a person other than their parents or legal guardian
The adult who is not the parent or legal guardian of the child should have written permission from the parents or guardians to supervise the child. The permission letter should include addresses and telephone numbers where the parents or legal guardian can be reached.
The letter does not need to be certified. A photocopy of the parents’ or legal guardian’s signed passports or national identity cards should be attached to the letter.
Note: The border services officer may not ask to see these documents when the child enters Canada. However, it is strongly recommended you bring them, in case that you are. The minor child will not be admitted to Canada if the officer is not convinced that the parents or legal guardian have authorized his stay.
Minor children entering Canada to study
Minor children must apply for a study permit if they want to study in Canada.
Find out about the requirements and documents that are needed.
eTA for family members
Each family member must apply separately for an eTA. You cannot apply for more than one eTA at a time.
Inadmissibility
Some people are inadmissible—they are not allowed to come to Canada. Several things can make you inadmissible, including involvement in criminal activity, in human rights violations or in organized crime.


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